Saturday, June 16, 2012

List Of Current and Planned US Drone Bases

 (Map included at link)


We like to think of the drone war as something far away, fought in the deserts of Yemen or the mountains of Afghanistan. But we now know it’s closer than we thought. There are 64 drone bases on American soil. That includes 12 locations housing Predator and Reaper unmanned aerial vehicles, which can be armed.

Public Intelligence, a non-profit that advocates for free access to information, released a map of military UAV activities in the United States on Tuesday. Assembled from military sources — especially this little-known June 2011 Air Force presentation (.pdf) – it is arguably the most comprehensive map so far of the spread of the Pentagon’s unmanned fleet. What exact missions are performed at those locations, however, is not clear. Some bases might be used as remote cockpits to control the robotic aircraft overseas, some for drone pilot training. Others may also serve as imagery analysis depots.

The medium-size Shadow is used in 22 bases, the smaller Raven in 20 and the miniature Wasp in 11. California and Texas lead the pack, with 10 and six sites, respectively, and there are also 22 planned locations for future bases. ”It is very likely that there are more domestic drone activities not included in the map, but it is designed to provide an approximate overview of the widespread nature of Department of Defense activities throughout the US,” Michael Haynes from Public Intelligence tells Danger Room.

The possibility of military drones (as well as those controlled by police departments and universities) flying over American skies have raised concerns among privacy activists. As the American Civil Liberties Union explained in its December 2011 report, the machines potentially could be used to spy on American citizens. The drones’ presence in our skies “threatens to eradicate existing practical limits on aerial monitoring and allow for pervasive surveillance, police fishing expeditions, and abusive use of these tools in a way that could eventually eliminate the privacy Americans have traditionally enjoyed in their movements and activities.”

As Danger Room reported last month, even military drones, which are prohibited from spying on Americans, may “accidentally” conduct such surveillance — and keep the data for months afterwards while they figure out what to do with it. The material they collect without a warrant, as scholar Steven Aftergood revealed, could then be used to open an investigation.

The Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the U.S. military from operating on American soil, and there’s no evidence that drones have violated it so far.

This new map comes almost two months after the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) revealed another one, this time of public agencies – including police departments and universities – that have a permit issued by the Federal Aviation Agency to use UAVs in American airspace.

“It goes to show you how entrenched drones already are,” said Trevor Timm, an EFF activist, when asked about the new map. “It’s clear that the drone industry is expanding rapidly and this map is just another example of that. And if people are worried about military technology coming back and being sold in the US, this is just another example how drone technology is probably going to proliferate in the US very soon.”

Domestic proliferation isn’t the same as domestic spying, however. Most — if not all — of these military bases would make poor surveillance centers. Many of the locations are isolated, far from civilian populations. Almost half of the bases on the map work only with the relatively small Raven and Shadow drones; their limited range and endurance make them imperfect spying tools, at best. It’s safe to assume that most of the bases are just used for military training.

Privacy concerns aside, the biggest issue might be safety, as we were been reminded on Monday when a giant Navy drone crashed in Maryland.

LocationService BranchTypes of UASUAS Activities Status
Fort Lewis, WAArmy, Special Operations CommandShadow, Wasp, RavenCurrent
Joint Base Lewis-McChord, WASpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Portland, ORSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Arlington, ORSpecial Operations CommandScan EagleCurrent
Limestone Hills Training Area, MTSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenCurrent
Grand Forks Air Force Base, NDAir ForceGlobal Hawk, PredatorFuture
Camp Ripley, MNArmyShadowCurrent
Beale Air Force Base, CAAir ForceGlobal HawkCurrent
Moffett Air Field, CAArmyRMAXFuture
Fort Ord, CAArmyRMAXFuture
Camp Roberts, CASpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Simi Valley, CAArmyRaven, Warrior, Puma-AECurrent
Naval Air Station Point Mugu, CANavyGlobal Hawk, BAMSFuture
Camp Pendleton, CASpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
El Mirage, CAArmyWaspCurrent
Palmdale, CAAir ForceGlobal HawkCurrent
29 Palms, CAMarine CorpsShadow, RavenCurrent
Victorville, CAArmy, Special Operations CommandRaven, A160 HummingbirdCurrent
Fort Irwin, CAArmyUnknownCurrent
Creech Air Force Base, NVAir ForcePredator, ReaperCurrent
Dugway, UTArmyHunter, ShadowCurrent
Camp Williams, UTSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Fort Huachuca, AZArmyWarriorCurrent
Cochise, AZArmyHunterCurrent
Holloman Air Force Base, NMArmy, Air ForcePreadtor, ReaperCurrent
Cannon Air Force Base, NMAir ForcePreadtor, ReaperCurrent
Santa Fe, NMArmyRavenCurrent
Laguna, NMArmygMAVCurrent
Fort Carson, COArmy, Special Operations CommandShadow, Wasp, RavenFuture
United States Air Force Academy, COAir ForceViking 300, Scan EagleCurrent
Piñon Canyon Maneuver Site, COArmyRavenCurrent
Fort Riley, KSArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Worth, TXArmyRavenCurrent
Hondo, TXArmy, NavyUnknownCurrent
Longhorn, TXArmyUnknownCurrent
Fort Hood, TXArmyHunterCurrent
Robert Gray Army Airfield, Fort Hood, TXArmyHunterCurrent
Camp Bullis, TXSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenCurrent
Fort Polk, LAArmyRavenCurrent
Woodworth, LAArmyUnknownCurrent
Stennis Space Center, MSSpecial Operations CommandWasp, Raven, Puma-AECurrent
Fort Campbell, KYArmy, Special Operations CommandShadow, Wasp, RavenCurrent
Camp Shelby, MSArmyShadowCurrent
Redstone Arsenal, ALArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Benning, GAArmyShadowCurrent
Camp Atterbury, INSpecial Operations CommandTiger MothCurrent
Louisville, KYSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Fort Knox, KYArmyShadowCurrent
Patriot, KYSpecial Operations CommandWarrior, Raven, Puma-AE, ShadowFuture
Kenova, WVSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Robbins Air Force Base, GAAir ForcePredatorFuture
Wright Army Airfield, Fort Stewart, GAArmyHunterCurrent
Evans, GAArmyShadowCurrent
Camp Blanding, FLSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Choctaw, FLSpecial Operations CommandWasp, Raven. Puma-AE, ShadowCurrent
Hurlburt Field, FLAir ForceWasp, RavenFuture
Eglin Air Force Base, FLSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenFuture
Key West, FLSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenCurrent
Homestead, FLSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenCurrent
Okeechobee, FLArmyRavenCurrent
Fort A.P. Hill, VAArmyRMAXCurrent
Blackstone Army Airfield, VAArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Indiantown Gap, PAArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Bragg, NCArmyRavenCurrent
Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, NCSpecial Operations Command, Marine CorpsShadow, Warrior, RavenCurrent
Fort Eustis, VAArmyVigilanteCurrent
Naval Air Station Pax River, MDNavyGlobal Hawk, BAMSCurrent
Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, NJArmySpyderCurrent
Fort Drum, NYArmy, Air Force, Special Operations CommandPredator, ShadowFuture
Syracuse, NYAir ForceReaperFuture
Griffiss Air Force Base, Oneida County, NYSpecial Operations CommandRascalFuture
Mount Washington, NHSpecial Operations CommandWasp, RavenCurrent
Ladd Army Airfield, AKArmyShadowCurrent
Allen Army Airfield, AKArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Wainwright, AKArmyShadow, RavenCurrent
Bryant Army Heliport, Fort Richardson, AKArmyShadowCurrent
Fort Greely, AKArmyShadowCurrent
Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, HINavyRavenCurrent
Wheeler Army Airfield, HIArmyShadowCurrent
Ellington Air Force Base, TXAir ForcePredator, Global HawkFuture
Edwards Air Force Base, CAAir ForceUnknownCurrent
Davis-Monathan Air Force Base, AZAir ForcePredator, ReaperCurrent
March Air Force Base, CAAir ForcePredatorCurrent
Southern California Logistics Airport, CA
Air ForcePredatorCurrent
Nellis Air Force Base, NVAir ForcePredatorCurrent
Fargo, NDAir ForcePredatorCurrent
Ellsworth Air Force Base, SDAir ForcePredatorFuture